Curriculum intent

ENJOY demonstrating greater fluency with world knowledge by drawing on increasing breadth and depth of content and contexts.

ENDEAVOURing to extend from the familiar and concrete to the unfamiliar and abstract.

Making greater sense of the world by organising and connecting information and ideas about people, places, processes and environments

EXCEL at working with more complex information about the world, including the relevance of people’s attitudes, values and beliefs.

Through reading, increase the range and accuracy of investigative skills, and advancing their ability to select and apply these with increasing independence to geographical enquiry.


Hsh geography page 230421


Ks3 journey Ks4 journey

Programmes of Study

Year7 Year8 Year9

Links to the National Curriculum

Geography National Curriculum Key Stage 3

Term Covered

Develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and

how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes

Year 7: Europe 

Year 8: Africa

Year 9: Asia & Middle East 


All topics contain Human and Physical Geography and the interrelationships between them 

Understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time

Embedded throughout every topic 

Are competent in the geographical skills needed to:  collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes

Embedded throughout all topics


Y7 unit on Fieldwork to be developed for 2021/2022

Interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)

Embedded throughout all topics 


Communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.

Embedded throughout all topics 


Extend their locational knowledge and deepen their spatial awareness of the world’s countries using maps of the world to focus on Africa, Russia, Asia (including China and

India), and the Middle East, focusing on their environmental regions, including polar and hot deserts, key physical and human characteristics, countries and major cities

Year 7 – Europe

  • The UK (Phys & Human)

  • Iceland (Phys & Human)

  • UK Coasts (Phys & Human)

Year 8 – Africa 

  • Hot Deserts

  • Development

  • TRF

  • Conflict 

Year 9 – Middle East & Asia 

  • China (Phys & Human)

  • India (Human – emphasis on development and urbanisation)

  • Indonesia 


All topics listed covered (minus polar regions – will be embedded in Y7)


Understand geographical similarities, differences and links between places through the study of human and physical geography of a region within Africa, and of a region within


Year 8 – Africa

Comparison of Nigeria and Sierra Leone in terms of development.

Comparison of Sahara and Congo TRF regions

Year 9 – Asia and Middle East 

Comparison of Mumbai and Bihar (India), Comparison of coastal and central China regions (phys and human)


Understand, through the use of detailed place-based exemplars at a variety of scales, the key processes in:


Physical geography relating to: geological timescales and plate tectonics; rocks, weathering and soils; weather and climate, including the change in climate from the Ice Age to the present; and glaciation, hydrology and coasts


Human geography relating to: population and urbanisation; international development; economic activity in the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary sectors; and the use of natural resources

Physical : 

Plate Tectonics: Y7 3, Y9 3

Weather & Climate: Y7 1, Y7 4, 

Hydrology: Y8 5 Rivers

Coasts: Y7 4



Population: Y9 1

Urbanisation: Y8 1, Y9 1 & 2

Development: Y7 2, Y8 1, Y9 1,2,4

Economic Activity: Y7 2, Y9 2

Resources: Y8 4, Y9 4 

Understand how human and physical processes interact to influence, and change landscapes, environments and the climate; and how human activity relies on effective

functioning of natural systems

Embedded within all topics 


Build on their knowledge of globes, maps and atlases and apply and develop this knowledge routinely in the classroom and in the field

Term 1 and 2 Y7, then embedded throughout each topic

Interpret Ordnance Survey maps in the classroom and the field, including using grid references and scale, topographical and other thematic mapping, and aerial and satellite photographs

Term 1 and 2 Y7  then embedded throughout each topic

Use Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to view, analyse and interpret places and data

Embedded Throughout

Use fieldwork in contrasting locations to collect, analyse and draw conclusions from geographical data, using multiple sources of increasingly complex information

Y7 unit on Fieldwork to be developed for 2021/2022